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Highly contagious respiratory disease

NIAID is exploring similarities between prion diseases and other protein-misfolding diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease. Pertussis is known for uncontrollable, violent coughing that often makes it hard to breathe. After fits of many coughs, someone with pertussis often needs to take deep breaths, which results in a “whooping” sound.

Mayo Clinic does not endorse any of the third-party products and services advertised. Symptoms range from mild to severe, and immediate attention is necessary. Amenorrhea is a medical term for when a woman does not have menstrual periods. Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by episodes of airway narrowing and obstruction, causing wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Mayo Clinic’s departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery are highly rated for their patient outcomes and research achievements.

In 2004, the World Health Organization calculated that 932 million years of potential life were lost to premature death. Fungal diseases and conditions are caused by a wide variety of fungi that are commonly found in the environment. Invasive fungal infections rarely occur in healthy people, but fungi can cause serious infections in individuals with weakened immune systems. Ebola virus disease, first recognized in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a serious and often fatal illness in humans and nonhuman primates.

In addition to the number of years lost due to premature death, these measurements add part of the years lost to being sick. Unlike YPLL, these measurements show the burden imposed on people who are very sick, but who live a normal lifespan. A disease that has high morbidity, but low mortality, has a high DALY and a low YPLL.

In 2004, the World Health Organization calculated that 1.5 billion disability-adjusted life years were lost to disease and injury. In the developed world, heart disease and stroke cause the most loss of life, but neuropsychiatric conditions like major depressive disorder cause the most years lost to being sick. Seasonal influenza, or flu, is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by several human influenza viruses that circulate globally and cause annual outbreaks of varying severity. Influenza viruses infect the nose, throat, and lungs and produce symptoms that include sudden fever, extreme fatigue, coughing, chills, and muscle aches. Each year, flu causes millions of illnesses worldwide and kills many thousands.

Four of six known virus species of the Ebolavirus genus are known to infect humans and cause Ebola virus disease. They are spread through direct contact with the bodily fluids of a sick person and can cause fever, headache, muscle pain, weakness, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, and hemorrhage. Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholera. An estimated 3-5 million cases and over 100,000 deaths occur each year around the world. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe. Brain tumor, breast cancer, colon cancer, congenital heart disease, heart arrhythmia.

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